A comparative reading of Matthew 2 and Luke presents a great contradiction to the reader and tends to indicate that neither of the two gospels is divinely inspired. It is
understood from the description in Matthew that the parents of the Messiah lived in Bethlehem even after his birth. It is also made clear by another description in Matthew that the period of their stay in Bethlehem was two years. Due to the
domination of the Magians’, they afterwards migrated to Egypt and lived there during the time of Herod [the governor of Judah] and after his death, they returned to live
Luke, on the other hand, gave us a different description. He says that Jesus’ parents went to Jerusalem after Mary’s confinement [luke2:22] and that after the sacrifice they went
to Nazareth and lived there. However, they used to go to Jerusalem every year at the feast of the Passover [luke2:41].
According to him [Luke], there is no question of the Magians coming to Bethlehem. Similarly, the parents of Jesus could not have gone to Egypt and stayed there as it is clear from what it is said that Joseph never left Judah in his life neither for Egypt nor for any other place.
We learn from the gospel of Matthew that Herod and the people of Judah were not aware of the birth of Jesus [Matthew2:13] until the Magians reported it to him. On the
other hand, Luke says that after Mary’s confinement when Jesus’ parents had gone to Jerusalem to offer the holy sacrifice, they met Simeon who was a righteous man and to
whom it had been revealed by the Holy Ghost that he would not die until he had seen the messiah. He lifted Jesus high in his arms and told the people of his great qualities.
Similarly, Anna a prophetess also told the people about the coming of the Messiah and thanked God.
Now if we accept that Herod and his people were enemies of Jesus, Simeon
would not have informed the people about Jesus in the temple where his enemies were all around, nor would the prophetess, Anna, disclose the identity of Jesus the Christ to
the people of Jerusalem.
The scholar, Norton, who is a great advocate of the gospels has admitted the presence of real contradiction in this two texts, and decided that the text of Matthew was erroneous
and that of Luke was correct.
We find Mark and Luke contradicting each other making it difficult to understand what Jesus actually taught his disciples as regards to keep or not to keep their staves when
going on a journey.
In Matthew 10:10, Jesus was reported to have said “Nor scrip for your journey, neither coats, nor yet staves While in mark6:8, Jesus said “And commanded them that
they should take nothing for their journey save a staff only; no scrip, no bread, no money in their purse”
In the book of Matthew chapter 3 verse 13, we read: “Then Jesus cometh from Galilee to Jordan unto John, to be baptized of him. But John forbade him saying, I have need to be baptized of thee, and comest thou to me?”
when we proceed to read further in the chapter, we can read:
“and Jesus, when he was baptized, went up straightaway
out of the water…and he saw the spirit of God, descending like a Dove”
in John1:32-33, John describes this event thus;
“And John bare record, saying, I saw the spirit from heaven
descending like a dove, and it abode upon him. And I knew
him not; but he that sent me to baptize with water, the same
said unto me, upon whom thou shall see the spirit
descending, and remaining on him, the same is he which
baptizeth with the holy ghost”