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WASHING THE DEAD MUSLIM. PART 5

April 6, 2018 Articles On Islam 0

 

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IMPORTANT RULES IN THE CEMETERY

It is prohibited to step over, lean, or sit on a grave .
Abu Hurrairah relates that the Prophet (P.B.U.H.) said : ” It is better for a person to sit on burning coal by which his clothes may catch fire and the heat thereof may touch his skin, rather than that he sits on a grave ” (Muslim).
It is prohibited to build any form of construction on the grave, or decorate the grave .
From the authentic traditions, it is clear that to erect domes over graves or build mausoleums or Mosques on graves is strictly forbidden. Prophet Muhammad (P.B.U.H) said: ” Do not build Mosques in the graveyard ” (Muslim).
Ali ibn abi Taleb reported that : ” Prophet Muhammad (P.B.U.H.) instructed him to destroy all statues, and not to leave a grave raised high without leveling it with the ground ” ( Muslim), which means no construction on the grave.
It is prohibited to plaster the grave, whitewash the grave, or use cooked stones .
Jabir relates that the Prophet (P.B.U.H.) has forbidden that a grave should be made strong (of bricks and plaster), or durable or one should sit over it or the same should have a construction over it. ( Muslim).
Jabir also reported: ” Prophet Muhammad forbade the whitewashing of a grave, sitting on it, or erecting any type of structure on it ” (Muslim).
It is prohibited to pray facing towards the graves.
Abu Martad al-Ghanawi reported that Prophet Muhammad (P.B.U.H.) said: ” Do not pray facing towards the graves ” ( Muslim) .
Women are forbidden from attending the burial .
This is according to the authentic Hadith of Um-Atiyah who reported that we were forbidden to accompany funeral processions. ( Bukhari & Muslim).
It is prohibited to slaughter animals around the grave.
Arranging a mourning gathering on the day of death, or on the third day after death, or on the seventh, or on the twentieth day, or on the fortieth day, or on the anniversary of the death , all are abominable and heretical practices which people have introduced.
These practices have no basis whatsoever in the Quran, in the Sunnah of the Prophet, or in the practices of the early Muslims, may Allah the Exalted have mercy upon them. Some of these practices are done by some Muslims in different countries, but that does not make it the Islamic way .
It is prohibited to cremate the body of dead Muslim, even if the deceased requested it before his death.
It is prohibited to put candles on the grave . Prophet Muhammad (P.B.U.H.) said in an authentic Hadith: ” Curse those who light lamps on graves ” (Authentic-Ahmed) .
It is also disliked (Makruh) to pray in the cemetery (Bukhari ).
Performing autopsy on a dead Muslim is totally prohibited, unless it is requested by court order.

SPECIAL CASES

1) Miscarried Fetus :
If the fetus is less than four months old ( Mother was pregnant for less than four months ), then the fetus may not be washed; the fetus should be wrapped in a piece of white cloth and buried. Then there is no Salatul Janazah for this fetus.
If the fetus is more than four months old ( Mother was pregnant for more than four months ), then the fetus may be washed, shrouded (Using one or two winding sheets to cover the whole body), and then Muslims have the choice whether to perform Salatul Janazah or not.

2) Children :
A) Before reaching the age of puberty, a child may be washed by males or females. Shrouding a child for females use a shirt and two winding sheets and for males two or three winding sheets may be used.

B) For those children who reached the age of puberty , they should be dealt with as an adult { Female child like female adult, and male child like male adult}, but then Salatul Janazah be performed.

3) Martyr :
The body of a Martyr should not be washed, nor be shrouded but buried with the same clothes that people found him with.
The strongest opinion of Muslim scholars is not to offer Salatul Janazah for martyrs since Prophet Muhammad (P.B.U.H) did not offer it for the martyrs of the battle of Uhud.

CONDOLENCES

It is a Muslim’s duty to offer condolences, comfort, and sympathy to the family and the relatives of the deceased. This strengthens the relationships within the Muslim community.

When offering condolences, words should be chosen carefully and said gently to convey sympathy and to encourage the family and the relatives of the deceased to accept Allah’s will and to help them to get back to their normal life.

Condolences may be offered to the family and to the relatives of the deceased before, during or after burial for up to three days, but it may be offered even at later time if someone did not hear about it or he was far away.

It is recommended to leave after offering condolences to give the family time to take care of their other affairs, assistance may be offered for anything the family may need, and one may stay to help, if asked.
Some families hold gatherings for three days or more, and hire people to recite Quran loudly. While the Quran is recited, others eat, drink or talk, disregarding the rules of listening to the Quran, and inflicting the family with high expenses.

It is Sunnah that friends, neighbors and relatives prepare food for the family of the deceased, for the loss of the loved one occupies the family’s whole attention.

  1. ✍ يسير صلاح الدين اولوبودو

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