IZHARUL HAQ READING CONTINUED
Addition No. 4: The Towns of Jair
The Book of Numbers chapter 32 verse 40 says:
And Jair the son of Manasseh went and took the small towns thereof, and
called them Havoth-Jair.
This verse is similar to the verse of Deuteronomy discussed above. The
Dictionary of the Bible printed in America, England and India the compilation
of which was started by Colmet and completed by Zahit and Taylor, contains
There are certain verses in the Pentateuch which are clearly not the word
of Moses. For instance, Number, 32:40 and Deuteronomy 2:14. Similarly
some of its passages do not correspond to the idiom or expression of the time
of Moses. We cannot be certain as to who included these verses. However
there is strong probability that Ezra inserted them as can be understood from
chapter 9:10 of his book and from chapter 8 of the Book of Nehemiah.
The above requires no comment. It gives us to understand that the Torah
(Pentateuch) contains passages that are not the word of Moses. The scholars are
not definite about the author of these books but they conjecture that they might
have been written by Ezra. This conjecture is not useful. The previous chapters
do not indicate that Ezra inserted any part into the book. The Book of Ezra contains his admission and concern over the perversion of the Israelites while
the Book of Nehemiah 76 informs us that Ezra had read the Torah to the people.
Addition No. 5: The Mount of the Lord
We read in Genesis:
It is said to this day, In the Mount of the Lord it shall be seen.77
We historically know that this mount was called ’The Mount of the Lord’,
only after the construction of the temple, built by Solomon four hundred and
fifty years after the death of Moses. Adam Clarke decided in his introduction to
the Book of Ezra, that this sentence is a later addition, and said:
This mount was not known by this name prior to the construction of the
Additions No. 6 & 7: Further Additions to Deuteronomy
It says in Deuteronomy chapter 2 verse 12:
The Horims also dwelt in Seri before-time; but the children of Esau
succeeded them, When they had destroyed them from before them and dwelt
in their stead; as Israel did into the land of his possession which the Lord
gave unto them.
Adam Clarke decided in his introduction to the book of Ezra that this verse is
also a later addition and the sentence ”as Israel did unto the land of his
possession” is said to denote it. Deuteronomy chapter 3 verse 11 has:
For only Og, King of Bashan remained of the remnant of giants; behold,
his bedstead was a bedstead of iron; is it not in Rabbath of the children of
Ammon? Nine cubits was the length thereof, and four cubits the breadth of
it, after the cubit of a man.
Adam Clarke observed in his introduction to the book of Ezra:
The whole statement, and especially the last sentence, indicates that this
verse was written long after the death of this king and certainly was not
written by Moses.
Addition No. 8
The book of Numbers contains:
And the Lord hearkened the voice of Israel, and delivered up the
Canaanites; and they utterly destroyed them and their cities and he called the
name of the place Hormah.78
Adam CIarke again observed on page 697 of his first volume:
I know very well that this verse was inserted after the death of Joshua,
because all the Canaanites were not destroyed in the time of Moses, they
were killed after his death,
Addition No. 9
We find in the Book of Exodus:
And the children of 1srael did eat ’manna’ forty years until they came to a
land inhabited; they did eat manna until they came to the borders of the land
of Canaan 79
This verse also cannot be the word of God, because God did not discontinue
’manna’ in the lifetime of Moses, and they did not arrive at Canaan in that
period, Adam Clarke said on page 399 of the first volume of his commentary:
From this verse people have reckoned that the Book of Exodus was
written after the discontinuance of Manna from the Israelites, but it is
possible that these words might have been added by Ezra.
We may be allowed to assert that people have reckoned rightly, and the
unsupported conjecture of the author is not acceptable. The fact is that all the
five books ascribed to Moses (the Torah) are not his writings as we have proved
in the first part of this book with irrefutable arguments.
Addition No. 10: The Book of the Wars of the Lord
Numbers chapter 21 verse 14 says:
Wherefore it is said in the book of the wars of the Lord. What he did in
the Red Sea, so shall he do in the brooks of Arnon.
It is not possible for this verse to be the word of Moses and, on the contrary,
it denotes that the Book of Numbers was not written by Moses at all, because
the author has referred to the Book of Wars of the Lord. No one knows anything
about the author of this book, his name or his where about up to this day, and
this book is something like a fairy tale, heard of by many but seen by none. In
the introduction to Genesis, Adam Clarke decided that this verse was a later
addition, then he added:
It is most probable that ’the book of the Wars of Lord’ first existed in a
margin, then it came to be included in the text.
This is again a plain admission of the fact that these holy books were capable
of being distorted by people.
Addition No. 11
Genesis contains the name of the town Hebron in three places 81. This name
was given to it by the Israelites after the victory of Palestine. Formerly it was
called Kirjath Arba 82 which is known from Joshua 14:15. Therefore the author
of these verses must have been someone living in the period after this victory
and the change of its name to Hebron.
Similarly the book of Genesis 14:14 contain the word Dan which is the name
of a town which came into existence in the period of Judges. The Israelites after
the death of Joshua conquered the city of Laish, and killed the citizens and burnt
the whole city. In its place they rebuilt a new town which they called Dan. This
can be ascertained from Judges chapter 18.83. This verse therefore cannot be
the word of Moses. Home said in his commentary:
It is possible that Moses might have written Raba and Laish and some
copier later changed the names to Hebron and Dan.
It is again to be noted how the great scholars find themselves helplessly
seeking support from unsound conjectures.
Addition No. 12
The Book of Genesis says in chapter 13 verse 7:
The Canaanite and the Perizzite dwelt then in the Land.
Chapter 12 verse 6 of the same book contains these words:
And the Canaanite was then in the land.
Neither of these sentences can be the word of Moses, as has been admitted
by the Christian commentators. The commentary of Henry and Scott has the
It is clear that neither of these sentences can be the words of Moses,
These and other similar sentences have been added later to make a link and
might have been added by Ezra or any other man of inspiration into the holy
This is an obvious admission of the fact that the holy books contain passages
which have been added to them later by unknown people. His guess that Ezra
might have added it invites no comment as no argument has been presented to
support this conjecture.
Addition No. 13: The First Five Verses of Deuteronomy
Under his comments on chapter I of Deuteronomy, Adam Clarke observed
on page 749 of volume 1 of his book:
The first five verses of this chapter form an introduction to the rest of the
book and cannot be regarded as the word of Moses. Most probably they were
added by Ezra or by Joshua.
This admission shows that these five verses are a later addition. Again his
guess with regard to their authors is unacceptable without argument.
Addition No. 14: Chapter 34 of Deuteronomy
Adam Clarke said in the first volume of his Commentary:
The words of Moses end with the previous chapter and this chapter is not
his words. It is not possible for Moses to have written it… The person who
brought the next book must have been received this chapter from the Holy Spirit. I am certain that this chapter was originally the first chapter of the
book of Joshua.84
The marginal note which existed at this place written by some Jewish scholar
Most of the commentators say that the book of Deuteronomy ends on the
prayer of Moses for the twelve tribes, that is, on the sentence. ’Happy art
thou 0 Israel who is like unto thee, O peoples saved by the Lord.’ This
chapter was written by seventy elders long after the death of Moses, and this
chapter was the first chapter of the book of Joshua which was later put here.
Both Jewish and Christian scholars have admitted that this chapter cannot be
the word of Moses. As for their claim that it was written by seventy elders and
that this chapter was the first chapter of the Book of Joshua, this is again just a
guess not supported by any argument. Henry and Scott said:
The words of Moses ended with the previous chapter. This chapter is a
later addition either by Ezra, Joshua or another subsequent prophet who is
not definitely known. Perhaps the last verses were included after the release
of the Israelites from the captivity of Babylon.
Similar views were expressed by D’Oyly and Richard Mant in their
commentary. They think this was included by Joshua at some later period. It
must be noted here that the verses presented above, as examples of later
additions are based on the presumption that we have accepted the Judaeo-
Christian claim that the five books of the Pentateuch are the books of Moses,
otherwise these verses would only go to prove that these books have been
falsely ascribed to Moses which is what the scholars of Islam believe and claim.
We have already demonstrated that some scholars of the Judaeo-Christian world
have agreed with our claim. As far as their conjectures as to the author of these
verses, they are unacceptable until they support them with authoritative
evidence which directly lead us to the Prophet who included these verses, and to
do that has proved impossible for them.
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