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September 4, 2018 Book Reading Events 0

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Alteration No. 15

Under his comments on l Chronicles 8:9 Adam Clarke observed in the
second volume of his book:
In this chapter from this verse to verse 32, and in chapter 9 from verse 35
to 44 we find names which are different from each other.59 Jewish scholars
believe that Ezra had found two books which contained these verses with
names different from each other. Ezra could not distinguish the correct
names from the wrong ones; he therefore copied both of them.
We have nothing to add in respect of this to what we said under the previous


Alteration No. 16

In II Chronicles 13:3 we find the number of Abijah’s army mentioned as four
hundred thousand and the number of Jeroboam’s army as eight hundred
thousand, and in verse 17 the number of people slain from Jeroboam’s army is
given as five hundred thousand. Since this number of the troops of the above
kings was incredibly exaggerated, they have been reduced to forty thousand,
eighty thousand and fifty thousand respectively in the most Latin translations. It
is surprising that the commentators have willingly accepted this. Home said in
the first volume of his commentary:
Most probably the number descried in these (the Latin) versions is
Similarly Adam Clarke in the second volume of his book said:
It seems that the smaller number (the reduced number in the Latin
translations) is quite correct. And we are thus provided with great
opportunity to protest against the presence of distortion in the numbers
described by these historical books.
This is again an unambiguous example of alterations made in the texts of the


Alteration No. 17: The Age of Jehoiachin

We find this statement in II Chronicles:
Jehoiachin was eight years old when he began to reign.60
The word ’eight’ in this verse is incorrect and is contrary to the statement of
II Kings which says:
Jehoiachin was eighteen years old when he began to reign.61
In his comments on the latter verse Adam Clarke said:
The word ’eight’ used in 2 Chronicles 36:8 is certainly wrong, because he
reigned for only three months and was then made captive in Babylon where
he had his wives in the prison. It seems obvious that a child of eight years could not have had wives with him. A child of this age cannot be accused of
committing an act which is evil in the eyes of God.


Alteration No. 18

According to some versions Psalm 20 verse 17, and according to the Hebrew
version, Psalm 22 verse 16, includes this sentence:
My both hands are like a lion.
In the Catholic and the Protestant translations the sentence reads:
They pierced my hands and my feet
All the scholars admit the presence of an alteration at this place.


Alteration No. 19

Under his comments on Isaiah 64:2, 62 Adam Clarke said in volume 4 of his
At this place the Hebrew text has undergone a great alteration, the correct
sentence should be: the fire causeth the wax to melt.


Alteration No. 20: Difference between Isaiah and Paul

Verse 4 of the same chapter contains:
For since the beginning of the world men have not heard, nor perceived
by the ear, neither hath the eye seen, O God, besides thee, what he hath
prepared for him that waiteth for him.
But Paul records this verse differently in his first letter to Corinthians,
Eye hath not seen, nor ear heard, neither have entered into the heart of
man, the things which God hath prepared for them that love him.

The difference between the two texts is obvious and one of the two
statements must be wrong. The commentary of Henry and Scott contains this
The best opinion is that the Hebrew text has been distorted.
Adam Clarke reproduced many opinions on this text of Isaiah and examined
the text thoroughly, at the end of which he observed:
What can I do under these difficult circumstances except present one of
two alternatives to my readers: admit that the Jews changed the texts of the
Hebrew and Latin translations, as a strong probability exists of alterations in
the quotations of the Old Testament reproduced in the New Testament; or
admit that Paul did not quote this sentence from this book. He might have
quoted it from one of several forged books. For instance from the Book of
the Ascension of Isaiah or from the revelations of Ebiah where this sentence
can be found, because some people think that the apostle (Paul) copied from
forged books. Perhaps people generally would not easily accept the first
possibility, but I must warn the readers that Jerome considers the second
possibility to be the worst kind of heresy or heterodoxy.


Alterations No 21-26 Differences between the Old and New Testaments

We find Horne observing in the second volume of his commentary:
It seems that the Hebrew text has been changed in the verses detailed
1. Malachi 3:1 2. Psalms 16:8-11 3. Micah 5:2
4. Amos 9:11-12 5. Psalms 4:6-8 6. Psalms 110:4
1. The first verses in Mal. 3:1 seems to have been altered because Matthew
reports it in his Gospel in chapter 11:10 in a: from which is obviously different
from Malachi’s in the Hebrew and other translations. The text of Matthew is
Behold, I send my messengers before ye…
The words ‘before ye’ are not to be found in Malachi.63. Besides this
Matthew also reported these words, ”Shall prepare the way Before ye”. While
Malachi’s statement is, ”Shall prepare the way before me.” Horne admitted in a

This difference cannot be explained easily except that the old versions
had been changed.
2. The second verse (Mic. 5:2) is also quoted by Matthew in 2.6 in a way
which show Clear differences 64 from the above.
3. The third passage (Psalms 16:8-11) is reported by Luke in Acts 2:25-28,
and the texts are quite different from each other.
4. The fourth passage is also quoted by Luke in Acts. 15 16 17 and is
different from Amos 9:11-12.
5. Psalms 4;6-8 is quoted by Paul in his letter to the Hebrews in verses 5 to
7. The two versions are quite different.65


Alterations No. 27-29: Contradictory Margin Notes

Exodus 21:8, in the Hebrew version, contains a negative statement while the
statement included in its margin is affirmative.
This verse contains injunctions with regard to keeping maid servants.
Similarly we find in Leviticus 11:21 laws regarding birds and creeping
things on the earth 66. The statement in the Hebrew text is negative while in the
marginal notes it is found to be affirmative.
Leviticus 25:30 gives injunctions with regard to selling houses. The verse
again contains a negative injunction while the marginal note affirms it 67
Protestant scholars have preferred the affirmative texts in the marginal notes
in their translations in all the above three places. That is, they have omitted the
primary text and have included a marginal passage in its place, thus distorting
these verses. After the alteration in these three verses, the injunctions contained
in them have lost their certainty. Now it cannot be ascertained which of the two
injunctions is correct, the negative one of the text or the affirmative of the
margin. This demonstration also refutes the claim of the Christians that the
distortions found in the Bible do not affect rituals and liturgical instructions.


Alteration No. 30

Acts 20:28 says: To feed the church of God, which he hath purchased with his own blood. 

Griesbach observed that the word ‘God’ used here is wrong; the correct word
is the pronoun ‘his’68 the third person singular.


Alteration No. 31 : Angel or Eagle


Revelation 8:13 contains this statement:
And I beheld an angel flying.
Griesbach has suggested that the word ‘angel’ here is wrong; the correct
word should be ‘eagle’.


Alteration No. 32

Ephesians 5:21 contains:
Submitting yourselves one to another in the fear of God.
Griesbach and Scholtz observed that the word ’God’ here is again wrong; the
correct word should be ’Christ’ 70
In this section we have aimed at demonstrating the presence of human
manipulation in the form of alterations of phrases and words in the Bible. The
above thirty-two examples should be enough to prove it. We confine ourselves
to this much only to avoid unnecessary prolongation of the subject; otherwise
there is no dearth of them in the Bible.



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