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September 19, 2018 Articles On Islam 0


1. Shaykh al-Islām Ibn Taymiyyah (رحمه الله) said:

It has been authentically attributed to Prophet ﷺ, that he said, “Fasting on the day of ʿĀrafah expiates the sins of two years [i.e. previous year and upcoming year] and fasting on ʿĀshūrāh expiates the sins of one year”.

But his saying, “…expiates the sins of…”,does not necessitate that the major sins are also expiated without any repentance. The Prophet ﷺ said, “…Friday to Friday and Ramaḍān to Ramaḍān will be an expiation for the sins committed between them as long as the major sins are avoided”.

It is known that prayer is better than fasting and that fasting in Ramaḍān is better than fasting the day of ʿArafah. Likewise, (minor) sins will not be expiated except by avoiding the major sins as the Prophet ﷺ mentioned. Therefore, how can an individual think that by voluntarily fasting a day or two it will expiate adultery, stealing, drinking alcohol, gambling, (engaging in) magic, etc. This will not happen.

● [١/٢٥٤ مختصر الفتاوى المصرية]

2. Al-Imām al-Nawawī [رحمه الله] stated:

❝The scholars unanimously agree that fasting the day of ʿĀshūrā is a Sunnah and not an obligation.❞

● [Sharh Muslim, (8/4)]

3. Ibn ʿAbbās [رضي الله عنه] said:

❝The Prophet [ﷺ] came to al-Madīnah and saw the Jews fasting on the day of ʿĀshūrā.

He asked, ‘What is this?’

They responded: ‘This is a virtuous day, as this is the day when Allāh saved the Children of Isrā’īl from their enemy. Thus, Mūsá fasted on this day.’

He said, ‘We have more right to Mūsá than you.’

So he fasted on this day and ordered the [people] to fast.❞

● [Sahīh Bukharī, (No. 2004)]

4. Ibn ʿAbbās [رضي الله عنه] said:

❝I never saw the Prophet [ﷺ] seeking to fast a day, giving it preference over another, except this day, the day of ʿĀshūrā, and this month, meaning the month of Ramaḍān.❞

● [Sahīh Bukharī, (No. 2006)]

5. Narrated ‘Aishah [رضي الله عنها]:

❝Allāh’s Messenger [ﷺ] ordered [the Muslims] to observe Saum [fast] on the day of ‘Ashura’, and when fasting in the month of Ramadān was prescribed, it became optional for one to observe Saum [fast] on that day [‘Ashura’] or not.❞

● [Sahīh Bukhari, (No. 2001)]

6. Shaykh Muḥammad Ibn Ṣāliḥ al-‘Uthaymīn رحمه الله was asked: “Is it disliked to single out 10th of Muharram for fasting?”

He replied: “Some scholars have said: It is disliked due to the saying of the Prophet (ﷺ): ❮Fast [along with it] a day before it or a day after it – differ from the Jews.❯

Other scholars have said: It is not disliked to fast just the 10th. However by doing so one loses out the reward that is attained with differing from the Jews – but what is correct is that it is not disliked to single out ‛Āshoorā’ with fasting.”

● [الشرح الممتع ج ٦، ص ٤٦٨]

7. Narrated Sālim’s father [رضي الله عنه]: The Prophet [ﷺ] said:

❝Whoever wishes may observe Saum [fast] on the day of ‘Ashura’.❞

● [Sahīh Bukhari, (No. 2000)]

8. Narrated Salama bin Al-Akwa` [رضي الله عنه]:

❝Once the Prophet [ﷺ] ordered a person on the day of Ashura [the tenth of Muharram] to announce, ‘Whoever has eaten, should not eat any more, but observe Saum [fast], and who has not eaten should not eat, but complete his Saum [fast] [till the end of the day].’❞

● [Sahīh Bukhari, (No. 1924)]

9. Al-Hāfiz Ibn Hajr [رحمه الله] said:

❝Fasting ʿĀshūrā is of three levels:

• The lowest is to fast it alone.

• Above this is to fast the 9th along with it.

• Above that is to fast the 9th and the 11th along with it. And Allāh knows best.❞

● [al-Fath, (4/246)]

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