IZHARUL-HAQ READING CONTINUED.
IZHARUL-HAQ READING CONTINUED.
23. THE BOOK OF JEREMIAH: Jeremiah was an apostle and pupil of the Prophet Isaiah. God made him a prophet in the days of Joshua or Zedikiah. He was sent to the Israelites to prevent them from their perversion. He preached to the Israelites but they did not listen to him. God revealed to him that Israelites would soon be subjected to a punishment from God in the form of an invasion by Nebuchadnezzar.
Jeremiah warned them of this and advised them to surrender but they mocked him. In the end Jerusalem was totally destroyed by Nebuchadenzzar. The
Prophet Jeremiah migrated to Egypt. According to some scholars the Holy
Qur`an refers to this incident in Surah 2:259. It has 56 chapters.
24. THE BOOK OF LAMENTIONS: The book of lamentations is a collection of songs of mourning which are said to have been compiled by the Prophet Jeremiah after the destruction of Jerusalem by Nebuchadnezzar. It has only 5 chapters.
25. THE BOOK OF EZEKIEL: The Book of Ezekiel is claimed to be by the prophet Ezekiel, the son of Buzi. He was a descendant of Levi, the son of Jacob. He fought bravely against Nebuchadnezzar. This book is said to be a collection of his revelations, which consists of predictions, exhortations and warnings to the people about God`s Judgement on them and about the coming fall and destruction of Jerusalem.
26. THE BOOK OF DANIEL: The Prophet Daniel was among the wise people who were exiled form Judah
and were taken into captivity by Nebuchadnezzar. The interpretations of some dreams of the king were made clear by him through revelations, and the king made him the governor of Babylon. It also includes the dreams of the Prophet Daniel regarding the future of the Israelites. These dreams also contain a
prophecy about the advent of Jesus, the Messiah. It has twelve chapters.
27. THE BOOK OF HOSEA: Hosea was one of the prophets of the Israelites. He is said to have lived in the period of Jotham, Azariah and Hezekiah, the kings of Judah. This book is said to have been revealed to him during the period of their reigns. The book mostly consists of his admonitions to the Israelites against their perversion. His revelations are mostly in the form of proverbs or in symbolic language. It consists of 14 chapters.
28. THE BOOK OF JOEL: The Torah (Pentateuch) claims that Joel was a prophet of God. This book which has only three chapters consists of his revelations and includes injunctions about fasting and warnings against the evil deeds of the Israelites
29. THE BOOK OF AMOS: Amos is also said to be a prophet. In the beginning he was a shepherd in the city of Tekoa. He was made prophet by God in c. 783 BC. The nine chapters of this book are said to have been revealed to him in the reign of King Azariah. This book comprises his admonitions to the Israelites on account of their evil deeds. The book also predicts the invasion of Jerusalem by the king of Assyria as a punishment from God, which is mentioned in Genesis (29:15)
30. THE BOOK OF OBADIAH: This small scripture consists of only 21verses and includes a dream of Obadiah the Prophet. There are some predictions regarding the defeat of Adom, the enemy of Judah.
31. THE BOOK OF JONAH: This book is said to have been revealed to the prophet Jonah. He was sent to the people of Nineveh. The story given by Torah is a little different from the one known by the Muslims.
32. THE BOOK OF MICAH: This book is said to be from the Prophet Micah, the Morashite, who was a prophet in the period of the king Hezekiah c. 900 BC. He warned the Israelites of God`s wrath on account of their perversion. The king, Hezekiah, acknowledged his prophethood and abstained from evil deeds. (Kgs. 32 : 26)
33. THE BOOK OF NAHUM: Nahum is also regarded as a prophet by the Torah. Very little is known about his life. This book of 3 chapters describes a dream of Nahum which includes predictions of the down fall of the city of Ninveh.
34. THE BOOK OF HABAKKUK: Habakkuk is also claimed to be a Prophet by the Torah. We are not definite about his period. The Torah seems to put him in the period before Nebuchadnezzar’s invasion of Jerusalem. This book mentions of of his dreams which admonishes the Israelites on their evil deeds and predicts the destruction of Jerusalem by Nebuchdnezzar. It has 3 chapters.
35. THE BOOK OF ZEPHANIAH: Zephaniah is also supposed to be a prophet who was ordained by God to prophethood in the period of Josiah, the son of Amon, king of Judah. This script of 3 chapters warns the people of Israel against the invasion of Jerusalem by Nebuchadnezzar.
36. THE BOOK OF HAGGAI: The script of 2 chapters is attributed to Prophet Haggai who lived in the time of Darius, the king of Persia, in 500 BC, after the invasion of Nebuchadnezzar. He urged the Israelites to rebuild Jerusalem and warned those who obstructed them
37. THE BOOK OF ZECHARIAH: Zechariah was also a prophet. It should be noted here that this Zechariah is not the one who was been mentioned in the Holy Qur`an. He is said to be a companion of the prophet Haggai at the time of the rebuilding of Jerusalem. This book consists mostly of dreams which include prophecies regarding the future of the Israelites and the coming of the prophet Jesus. It has fourteen chapters.
38. THE BOOK OF MALACHI: The Book of Malachi is ascribed to the Prophent Malachi. He is the last Prophet of the Old Testament. The book has 4 chapters and describes the thanklessness of the Israelites. The Prophet Malachi lived about 420 years before the Prophet Jesus, the Messiah.
These thirty eight books are believed to be genuine and authentic by almost all the Christian. The Samaritans, however, a sect of the Jews, believed in only
seven of them, I.e. the five books of Moses and the book of Joshua son of Nun and the Book of Judges. Their name refers to the city of Samaria in Palestine. They differ from the Jews in two points, the acknowledged number of the Books and what constitutes a place of worship.
THE SECOND DIVISION OF THE OLD TESTAMENT
There are nine books in this part. The authenticity of these books has been a
point of controversy among Christians. The Protestant faith, for instance, does not acknowledge the divine origin of these books, and they have discarded them from their Bible. They do not form part of the King James Version of the Bible. The collection of these nine books and five other books together called
1. THE BOOK OF ESTHER: Esther was a Jewish woman who was among the captives from Jerusalem in Babylon. Ahasuerus, the king of Persia, was unhappy with his first wife and married Esther. A man, a minister of the king, had some differences with Mardochaeus, the father of the Queen Esther. He plotted to destroy the Jews. Esther convinced the king to combat this plot and saved the Jews. This book describes this event in 10 chapters.
2. THE BOOK OF BARUCH: Baruch was disciple and scribe of the prophet Jeremiah (Jer. 32 : 13 – 36, 36
: 4 – 32, 43 :3 – 16, 45 : 1- 3) The Protestant Bible does not include this book.
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