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Know Islam, Know Paradise

Izharul-Haq reading continued

April 9, 2018 Book Reading Events 0

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THE BOOK OF ECCLESIATES

This book too has a history of serious differences. Some writers have
claimed that its author was Solomon. Rabbi Kammchi, a famous Jewish scholar,
said that it was written by Isaiah. The scholars of the Talmud 35 attribute it to
Hezekiah while Grotius says that this book was written by Zorobabel for his
son, Ebihud. John, a Christian scholar, and some German scholars calculate it to
have been written after the release of the Israelites from Babylon.

 

THE BOOK OF THE SONG OF SOLOMON

The history of this book is even more obscure and uncertain. Some of the
writers attribute it to the Prophet Solomon or some person belonging to his time.
Dr Kennicot and some writers coming after him and the opinion that the claim
of its being written by Solomon was historically wrong and that it was written a
long time after his death. Theodore, a missionary who lived in the fifth century
AD, strictly condemned his book and the Book of Job, while Simon and Leclerc
did not acknowledge it as a genuine book. Whiston said it was a foul song and
should be excluded from the holy books of the Old Testament. Some others
have made the same judgment about it. Semler holds it as a forged and
fabricated book. The Catholic, Ward, has pointed out that Castilio declared it to
be a vile song decided that it should be excluded from the books of the Old
Testament.

 

THE BOOK OF DANIEL

The Greek Translation, the Latin translation and all the translations of the
Roman Catholics include the Song of Three Children and chapter 13 and 14 of
this book. The Roman Catholic faith acknowledges this song and the two
chapters, but the Protestants disapprove of it and do not consider it genuine 36.

 

THE BOOK OF ESTHER

The name of the writer of this book as well as the time of its compilation is
unknown. Christian scholars believe that it was written by scholars living in the
period between Ezra and Simon. A Jewish Scholar Phlion 37 claims that it was
written by Jehoiachin, the son of Joshua 38, who had come to Jerusalem after
the release from Babylon. St Augustine believed it to be a book of Ezra. Some
other writers attribute it to Murdoch and Esther. Other details of this book will
later be discussed in chapter 2 of this book.

 

THE BOOK OF JEREMIAH

We are certain that chapter 52 of this book cannot be claimed to have been
written by Jeremiah. Similarly the eleventh verse of chapter 10 cannot be
attributed to Jeremiah. In the former case, because verse 64 of chapter 51 of the
Persian Version 1838 contains: “Thus far are the words of Jeremiah”. While the
Persian Translation of 1839 AD says: “The words of Jeremiah ended here”.
In the latter case the reason is that verse 11of chapter 10 is in the Chaldean
language, while the rest of the book is in Hebrew. It is impossible to trace who
inserted them in the text. The commentators have made several conjectures
regarding the persons making this insertion. The compilers of Henry and Scott
remarked about this chapter:
“It appears that Ezra or some other person inserted it to elucidate the
predictions occurring in the previous chapter.”
Horne says on the page 194 of Vol. 4 :
“This chapter was added after the death of Jeremiah and the release from the
captivity of Babylon, some of which we find mentioned in this chapter too.”
Further in this volume he says:
“Certainly the words of this prophet are in the Hebrew language but chapter
10:11 is in the Chaldean language.”
The Reverend Venema said:
“This verse is a later addition.”

 

THE BOOK OF ISAIAH

A public debate was held between Karkanar, a religious leader of the Roman
Catholics, and Warren about this book. This discussion was published in 1852
in Agra (India). Karkaran writes in third letter that Stalin, a learned German
writer, had said that chapter 40 and all the chapters up to chapter 66 of the book
of Isaiah were not writer by Isaiah. This implies that twenty-seven chapters of
this book are not the writings of Isaiah 39.

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