Ninth Example: The Obligation of Circumcision
The obligation of circumcision was everlasting and perpetual in the law of
the Prophet Abraham (peace be on him), as can be understood from Genesis, 17.
This injunction remained as an obligation for the descendants of the Prophets
Isaac and Ismail and continued to be so in the law of Moses as well. We find
this injunction in Leviticus 12:13.
And in the eighth day the flesh of his foreskin shall be circumcised.
Jesus himself was also circumcised as is clear from the Gospel of Luke 190.
The Christians still commemorate the day of his circumcision by offering a
special prayer. This obligation continued to be observed until after the ascension
of Christ. It was later abrogated by the Apostles of Christ. This is
unambiguously mentioned in chapter 15 of the Book of Acts and we are going
to discuss it under example no. 12.
Paul emphatically advocated its abrogation. He writes in his Epistleto the
Galations, chapter 5:
Behold, I Paul say unto you, that if ye be circumcised, Christ shall profit
you nothing. For I testify again to every man that is circumcised, that he is a
debtor to do the whole law. Christ is become of no effect unto you,
whosoever of you are justified by the law, ye are fallen from grace. For we
through the Spirit wait for the hope of righteousness by faith. For in Jesus
Christ neither circumcision availeth anything nor uncircumcision; but faith
which worketh by love.
And the same letter contains the following statement:
For in Christ Jesus neither circumcision availeth anything nor
uncircumcision, but a new creature 192.
Tenth Example: Precepts of Sacrifice
There were a number of injunctions regarding the offering of sacrifices that
were eternal and everlasting in the law of Moses and that have been abrogated
by Christian Law.
Eleventh Example: Regulation of the High Priest
There were many injunctions that were specially assigned to the family of
Aaron, like the dress for ritual services and priesthood etc. These in junctions
were of a perpetual nature but were declared as abrogated in Christian Law.
Twelfth Example: The Abrogation of the Law of Moses
The Apostles, after great deliberation, declared almost all the injunctions of
the Torah as abrogated except the following four precepts: the prohibitions on sacrifices offered to idols, the consumption of blood and animal killed by
strangling, and fornication. These things are mentioned in chapter 15 of the
Book of Acts. We quote some of them:
For as much we have heard that certain which went out form us troubled
you with words, subverting your souls, saying, ye must be circumcised and
keep the law: to whom we gave no such commandment.
After some lines it also says:
For it seemed good to the Holy Ghost, and to us, to lay upon you greater
burden than these necessary things, that ye abstain from meats offered to
idols, and from blood, and from things strangled, and from fornication: from
which if ye keep yourselves ye shall do well.
The prohibition of the above things was kept unchanged simply so that Jews,
who were new converts to Christianity, should not react to this abrogation, as
they still held injunctions of the Torah dear to them. After some time, when
Paul was sure that this prohibition was no longer necessary, he abrogated the
first three injunctions as we have discussed under the seventh example, and now
all the Protestants have a consensus of opinion on it. Since there is no specific
punishment for fornication mentioned by Christian law, this too is to all intents
and purpose abrogated. In short, Christian law has abrogated all the practical
injunctions of the law of Moses, be they of eternal nature or otherwise.
Thirteenth Example: Abandonment of the Torah
Paul said in his letter to Galatians:
I am crucified with Christ: nevertheless I live; ye not I, but Christ liveth
in me: and which I now live in the flesh, I live by faith of the Son of God,
who loved me and gave himself for me. I do not frustrate the grace of God:
for if righteousness come by the Law 195, then Christ is dead in vain 196.
Dr. Hammond has commented on this verse as follows:
That is, giving his soul for me he relieved me from the law of Moses.
And in his comments on verse 21 he said:
It is why he chose this freedom. I do not trust the law of Moses for
salvation and do not consider it necessary because it would invalidate the
Dr. Whitby said under his comments on verse 20:
Had it been the case, it would have been unnecessary to purchase
salvation through death, nor would such a death have been of any use.
Had the Jewish laws been necessary for our salvation and redemption it
would have been unnecessary for Jesus to sacrifice his life: and if this law
remains essential for our salvation, the death of the Christ would not be
sufficient for it.
All the above statements are enough witness to the fact that the law of Moses
has been completely abrogated.
Fourteenth Example: The Law of Moses under the Curse
Chapter 3 of the same letter contains the following statements:
For as many as are of the works of the law are under the curse 197.
But that no man is justified by the law in the sight of God 198.
And the law is not of faith 199.
Christ hath redeemed us from the curse of law being made a curse for us
Lardner says on page 487 of volume 9 of his commentary:
On this occasion the apostle is generally understood to mean that the law
of Moses was abrogated or at least lost its validity after the crucifixion of
Further on the same page he has:
The apostle clearly elucidated that the result of Jesus’ death is the
abrogation of the prescribed laws.
Fifteenth Example: The Law Abrogated by Faith
Paul’s letter to Galatians clearly says:
Wherefore the law was our schoolmaster to bring to us unto Christ that
we might be justified by faith. But after that faith is come we are no longer
under a schoolmaster 201.
This statement of Paul says unambiguously that after belief in Jesus the
injunctions of the Torah are no longer needed. The commentary of D’Oyly and
Richard Mant contains the following statement of Dean Stanhope:
The regulations of the law were abrogated after the death of Jesus and
after the spread of the evangelic revelation.
Sixteenth Example: The Law must be changed
Paul said in his Epistle to the Hebrews:
For the priesthood being changed there is made of necessary a change
also of the law.
This verse shows that a change of priesthood essentially changes the
previous law. Under the same principle the Muslims are justified in their
contention that Christian law has also been abrogated (by the appearance of the
Holy Prophet, peace be upon him). The following statement appears in the
commentary of D’Oyly and Richard Mant:
The Law has been certainly abrogated with regard to the injunction of
sacrifices and cleanliness.
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