IZHARUL HAQ READING CONTINUED
Second Example: Sanction to Eat Various Animals
Genesis 9:3, according to the Arabic translation printed in 1625, contains
this commandment of Allah to the Prophet Noah:
Every moving thing that liveth shall be meat for you; even as green herb
have I given you all things 175.
This allows us to understand that the meat of all the animals was admissible
just like the vegetables, while in the law of Moses we find many animals like pig, etc. to have been prohibited as is clear from Leviticus 176 chapter 2 and
Deuteronomy chapter 14.
Third Example: Two Sisters as Wives
The Prophet Jacob was married to two sisters at the same time who were the
daughter of his aunt, their names being Leah and Rachel. This is mentioned in
Genesis chapter 29 177. We find that all such marriage are prohibited in the law
of Moses. The Book of Leviticus 18:18 contains this statement:
Neither shalt thou take a wife to her sister to vex her, to uncover her
nakedness, beside the other in her lifetime.
It is clear that marrying two sisters must have been permitted in the law of
Jacob, otherwise we will be forced to say that all the descendants of such a
marriage were illegitimate, when we all know that all the Israelites Prophets,
Jesus included, are the descendants of Jacob.
Fourth Example: Marriage with Father’s Sister
We have already mentioned that Imran, the father Moses, married Jechobed
who was his father’s sister, when such marriage were forbidden in the law of
Moses as is known from Leviticus 18:12.
Thou shalt not uncover the nakedness of thy father’s sister, She is thy
father’s near kinswoman.
Another statement to this effect is also found in chapter 20 verse 19 of the
same book 178. This again leads us to conclude that such marriage had religious
sanction prior to the law of Moses which later abrogated them. Otherwise it
would again force us to consider the Prophets Moses and Aaron and their sister
Mary to be illegitimate and would also mean that none of them could enter the
congregation of God for up to ten generations afterwards as is known from
Deuteronomy 23:3. If blessed people like them are precluded from entering the
congregation of the Lord, who else will be able to enter it?
We find the following statement in the Book of Jeremiah:
Behold, the days come, saith the Lord, that I will make a new covenant
with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah; not according to the
covenant that I made with their fathers, in the day that I took them by the
hand to bring them out of the land of Egypt; which my covenant they brake,
although I was a husband unto them, saith the Lord.
It is not difficult to see that the word, “I will make the new covenant,” in the
above verse refer to a new divine law that as going to be sent to abrogate the
existing laws. According to Paul’s claim in his Epistle to the Hebrews, the new
covenant referred to in above verse in none other that the law of Jesus 180.
According to this admission of Paul, the Law of Jesus abrogated the Law of
The above five are common to the Jews and Christians as examples of the
presence of abrogation in the Bible.
There are also many examples which are specially related to the Christians.
The following are some of them.
Sixth Example: Sanction of Divorce
It was permissible in the law of Moses for man to divorce his wife for any
reason and also for a divorce woman to remarry another man as soon as she left
her first husband’s home. This can ascertained from chapter 24 Deuteronomy.
In Christian law, however, a man is not allowed to divorce his wife until she is
found to have committed adultery, besides, Christian law preclude marriage
with divorced woman, considering it a crime equal to adultery.
The Gospel of Matthew chapter 19 verse 15 contains the following statement
of Jesus which he made while replying to the objection of the Pharisees on this
He saith unto them, Moses, because of the hardness of your hearts,
suffered you to put away your wife, but from the beginning, it was not so.
And I say unto you who so ever shall put away his wife, except it be for
fornication, and shall marry another committeth adultery, and who so
marrieth her which is put away doth commit adultery.
One can easily understand from the above statement that abrogation occurred
twice regarding this injunction, once in the law of Moses and once in the law of
Jesus. We also understand from the above statement that sometimes an injunction is introduced only to meet the demands of the circumstances
prevailing in certain time though the injunction itself may not be good.
There were many animals whose meat was not permissible according to the law of Moses while later, by Christian law, this prohibition was abrogated. And according to the judgment of Paul this permission was further generalised to include almost all animals. Paul’s Epistle to Romans 14:14 contains this statement.
I know, and am persuaded by the Lord Jesus, that there is nothing unclean
of itself, but him that esteemed anything to be unclean, to him it is unclean.
Further he said in his Epistle to Titus 1:15.
Unto the pure all things are pure but unto them that are defiled and
unbelieving is nothing pure, but even their minds and conscience is defiled.
These two principles, that something should be unclean only to those who
consider it unclean and that everything should be clean and permissible to the
believers, are quite strange. They imply that the Israelites were not clean enough
to have permission to eat all animals, as the Christians can. Paul made a
conscious effort to publicise this permission to consume the meat of all animals.
He said in his letter to Timothy 4:4.
For every creature of God is good, and nothing to be refused; if it be
received with thanksgiving, for it is sanctified by the word of God and
prayer. If thou put the brethren in remembrance of these things thou shalt be a good minister of Jesus Christ.
Eighth Example: Precepts of the Feast and the Sabbath
All the injunctions related to feast days, that are contained in chapter 23 of
Leviticus, were made eternal obligations for the people by the law of Moses.
There are many words in verses 14, 21, 31 and 41 of this chapter that explicitly
indicate the eternal nature of this injunction:
It shall be a statute for ever throughout your generations in all your
This eternal binding statute was abrogated later on by Paul.
Besides this, the law of Moses made the observance of the Sabbath an
eternal obligation. No one was permitted to do work whatsoever on that day and
anyone deviating from this eternal law was liable to execution. There are many
places in the books of the Old Testament where the eternal nature of this
injunction is emphatically emphasised; for example Genesis 2:3, Exodus 20:8-
11, Exodus 23:12 and 34:21, Leviticus 19:3 and 23:2, Deuteronomy 5:12-15,
Jeremiah 17, Isaiah 56 and 58, chapter nine of Nehemiah and chapter 20 of
Ezekiel. The following passage is from Exodus 31:13-17.
Speak thou also unto the children of Israel, saying, Verily my Sabbaths ye
shall keep; for it is a sign between me and you throughout your generations;
that ye may know that I am the Lord that sanctify you. Ye shall keep the
Sabbath therefore; for it is holy unto you. Everyone that defileth it shall
surely be put to death: Everyone that defilth it shall surely be put to death:
for whosoever doth any work therein, that soul shall be cut off from among
his people. Six days may work be done; but in the seventh is the Sabbath of
rest, holy to the Lord; whosoever doth any work in the Sabbath day, he shall
surely be put to death. Wherefore the children of Israel shall keep the
Sabbath to observe the Sabbath throughout their generations for a perpetual
covenant. It is a sign between me and the children of Israel for ever: for in
six days the Lord made heaven and earth, and on the seventh day he rested,
and was refreshed.
Exodus 35:2-3 contains the following statement.
Six days shall work be done, but on the seventh day there shall be to you
an holy day; a Sabbath of rest to the Lord: whosoever doeth work therein
shall be put to death. Ye shall kindle no fire throughout your habitations
upon Sabbath day.
The following event is described in Numbers 15:32-36.
And while the children of Israel were in the wilderness, they found a man
that gathered sticks upon the Sabbath day. And they that found him
gathering sticks brought him unto Moses and Aaron, and unto all the
congregation. And they put him into ward, because it was not declared what
should be done to him. And the Lord said unto Moses, The man shall be
surely put to death; all the congregation shall stone himwithstones without
camp. And all the congregation brought him without the camp, and stoned
him with stones, and he died.
We know that the Jews in the time of Jesus used to annoy and trouble him
and wanted to kill him for his disregard for the Sabbath. To justify their belief in the prophethood of Jesus, one of their argument was that Jesus used to work on
the day of the Sabbath. We read the following statement in the Gospel of John
And therefore did the Jews persecute Jesus and sought to slay him
because he had done these things on the Sabbath day.
The Gospel of John 9:16 also contains the following:
Therefore said same of the Pharisees, This man is not of God, because he
keepeth not the sabbath day.
It should be noted that all the injunctions mentioned in examples seven, eight
and nine were abrogated by Paul, as is understood from his letter to Colossians
Let no man therefore judge you in meat, or in drink, or in respect of an
holyday, or of the new moon or of the Sabbath days: Which are a shadow of
things to come; but the body is of Christ.
Under the comments on this verse the commentary of D’Oyly and Richard
Burkitt and Dr. Whitby said that the Jews had three kinds of feast, annual,
monthly and weekly 182, then all of them were abrogated, even the Sabbath.
Under his comments on the same verse Bishop Horsley said 183:
The Sabbath of the Jewish Church has ceased to exist. The Christians did
not take to the childish practices of the Jews in their Sabbath observation.
Henry and Scott said in their commentary:
When Jesus abrogated the conventional law 184 no one has any right to
blame other people for not observing it. Beausobre said that had it been
obligatory for all to observe the Sabbath and binding upon all the nations, its
abrogation would have not been possible, although it has now in fact been abrogated. Similarly it would have been obligatory for the Christians
throughout their generations.
Paul’s claim that these injunctions were not correct is not in accordance with
the text of the Torah, as God specified that the animals prohibited for them are
unclean and that:
Ye shall therefore sanctify yourselves, and ye shall be Holy; for I am
The main reason for the “feast of unleavened bread” is:
And this day shall be unto you for a memorial and ye shall keep it a feast
to the Lord throughout your generation.
Similarly the reason for the Feast of Tabernacles is described as follows:
That your generation may know that I made the children of Israel to dwell
in boots, when I brought out of the land of Egypt.
The reason for the Sabbath has been described in many places as follows:
For in six days the Lord made heaven and earth, the sea and all that in
them is, and rested the seventh day. Therefore the Lord blessed the Sabbath
day, and hallowed it.
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