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Observation No. 5: The Pentateuch

In addition to the five known books of the Pentateuch there are six more
books that are similarly attributed to Moses. These are:
1. The Book of Revelation.
2. The Small Book of Genesis.
3. The Book of Ascension.
4. The Book of Mysteries.
5. The Book of Testaments
6. The Book of Confession.
The second of the above books existed in the fourth century in Hebrew and
Jerome and Cedrenus quoted from it in their books Origen said:
Paul copied from this book in his letter to the Galatians 5:6. Its translation
existed up to the sixteenth century. The Council of Trent declared it false in
that century and it continued to be considered so from that time on.
It is surprising that they can acknowledge a certain book as authentic
revelation and then, after using it for centuries, suddenly stop liking it and
declare it to be false. The holy books are treated by them just like political
decisions, being changed at their whim. The third of the above books was
similarly acknowledged by the ancients. Lardner said on page 521 of the second
volume of his commentary:

Origen claims that Judah copied verse 9 of his letter from this book.
This book is also considered as false like all other books in the list, but it is
strange that passages borrowed from these books and inserted into the present
book still continue to be considered as revealed. Horne said:
It is thought that these false books were forged quite near the beginning
of Christianity.
This scholar has blamed the people of the first century for this forgery.

Observation No. 6: Mosheim’s Admission

The historian Mosheim said on page 65 in vol. 1 of his History printed in
1832 under his description of the scholars of the second century:
Among the followers of Plato 129 and Pythagoras 130 it was considered
not only admissible but also creditable to tell a lie and deceive others in the
cause of truth. As is understood from the ancient books, the first to indulge
in this practice were the Jews of Egypt, in the time before Christ. This
unholy act was later on borrowed by the Christians, a fact which is clear
from the many books that were falsely attributed to great personalities.
We can understand from this why a great number of false books were written
and falsely attributed to others in the name of, and in the cause of, truth and

Observation No. 7: Watson and Eusebius

Eusebius said in chapter 18 of the fourth volume of his History:
Justin the Martyr related many of the prophecies of Christ and claimed
that the Jews excluded them from the Holy Scriptures.
Watson also said on page 32 vol. 2 of his book:
I have no trace of doubt about the passages that Justin quoted in his
polemic against a Jew, that, in the time of Justin and Irenaeus, they were part
of the Hebrew and Greek versions of the Bible, while today they no longer
exist. Especially the text that Justin claimed was part of the Book of Jeremiah. Sylbergius in his annotation of Justin, and Dr. Grabe in his
annotation of Irenaeus, pointed out that this prophecy was before Peter when
he wrote the text of chapter 4 verse 6 of his epistle.
Horne said on page 62 of the fourth volume of his commentary:
Justin proved that Ezra said to the people, ”The Passover is the feast of
our Lord, the Saviour. If you keep the Lord superior to the Passover and
keep your faith in him, the earth will flourish for ever. If you do not hear and
do not keep faith in him you will be ridiculed by other nations.”
The above statements are enough to prove that Justin blamed the Jews for
excluding many of the prophecies about Jesus from the Holly Books, and that
this claim is also supported by other scholars. These prophecies were part of the
holy books at the time of Irenaeus and Justin while they are no longer there
today. According to Watson the distortion of the holy books is proved because
of the additions in the Hebrew and Greek versions.

Observation No. 8: Lardner

Lardner observed on page 124 of the fifth volume of his commentary:
At the time when Anastasius reigned in Constantinople he ruled that the
Holy Gospels were not correct since their authors were not known so they
were corrected a second time.
The above implies that up to the time of the above emperor the authenticity
of the Gospels was doubted, otherwise he would not have ordered them to be
corrected on the ground that their authors were not known. He believed them to
be inspired books and therefore tried to remove the contradictions found in
them. This also disproves the claim of the Protestants that no ruler or king of
any time ever intruded in to the affairs of the Church.

Observation No. 9

It has been pointed out earlier in this book that Augustine and other ancient
Christians used to blame the Jews for distorting the Pentateuch in order to
invalidate the Greek translation, because of their enmity towards the Christians.
Hales and Kennicott also supported this view. Hales proved the authenticity of
the Samaritan version with irrefutable arguments. Kennicott said that the Jews
made deliberate alterations to the Pentateuch and opposed the view that the
Samaritans changed it.

Observation No. 10

Kennicott proved the authenticity of the Samaritan translation and many
scholars have said that his arguments are infallible and correct. They believe
that the Jews changed it out of their enmity towards the Samaritans.

Observation No. 11

We have already pointed out earlier that Adam Clarke openly admitted that
the historical books of the Old Testament had been changed in many places and
that it would be useless to try to find any explanation for the changes.

Observation No.12

We have shown earlier in this book that Adam CIarke adopted the view that
the Jews changed the Hebrew and the Greek texts at chapter 64 verse 2 of the
Book of Isaiah and that such distortions are also found at some other places.

Observation No. 13

As we have pointed out earlier Horne admitted that twelve verses in the
books of the Old Testament were changed by the Jews.

Observation No. 14

We have shown earlier that the Catholic Church is unanimously agreed on
the authenticity of the seven apocryphal books we listed. My also acknowledge
the Latin translation as being inspired and genuine.
Protestant theologians, on the other hand, claim that those books have been
distorted and should be rejected. They also claim that the Latin translation
underwent innumerable alterations and additions and from the fifth to the
fifteenth century and that the copiers of this translation took great liberties with
it. They in inserted many sentences from one book of the Old Testament into
another and included the marginal notes in the main text of the book.

Observation No. 15

As has been already stated, Adam Clarke, following the example of
Kennicott, adopted the opinion that in the time of Josephus the Jews intended to
“enhance the beauty of the books by including spurious prayers, new episodes
and songs”. For example from the Book of Esther, the episode relating to wine,
women and truth was added to the Books of Ezra and Nehemiah, now known as the First Book or Ezra. The song of the three children was added to the Book of
Daniel and there are many more examples.
These alterations, additions and other changes in the sacred books, made in
the name of refinement, are enough to show that such changes were not
objectionable to the Jews. They made as many changes as they liked as is clear
in the light of the statement we quoted in observation No. 6 above which
allowed them religiously to make changes in the sacred books for the cause of
the truth.

Observation No. 16

We have already cited the statement of Adam Clarke with regard to the live
books of the Pentateuch where he admitted that the majority of Christian
scholars think that the Samaritan Version of the Pentateuch is the most correct
of all the versions.

Observation No. 17

It has been already shown that the supplement which is found at the end of
the book of Job of the Latin translation is false and spurious according to the
Protestants, while, in fact, it was written before Christ, was a part of this
translation in the time of the Apostles and was held to be genuine by the

Observation No. 18

We have already quoted the statement of Chrysostom witnessing that the
Jews had lost or destroyed many books out of their dishonesty and carelessness
and that some of them were destroyed and burnt by them. This view is upheld
and acknowledged by the Catholics.

Observation No. 19

Horne said in the second volume of his commentary with regard to the Greek
This translation is very old. It was considered authentic and was very
popular among the ancient Christians. It was recited in the churches of both
groups. The Christian elders, both Latins and Greeks, all copied from this
version. Every subsequent translation acknowledged by the Christian
Churches, save the Syrian version, has been prepared from this version. For
example, the Arabic, the Armenian, the Ethiopian, and the old Italian and Latin translations, which were in vogue before Jerome. And this is the only
translation which is taught up to this day in Greek and Eastern Churches.
Further he said:
According to our opinion, this was translated in 285 or 286 BC.
He also added:
It is an obvious argument, proving the great popularity of this translation,
that the authors of the New Testament quoted many sentences from this it.
The Christian elders of the past, with the exception of Jerome, had no
knowledge of the Hebrew language. In copying the texts, they followed only
the people who wrote the books with inspiration. Although they enjoyed the
status of great renovators of Christianity they did not know Hebrew which is
the basic source of all the sacred books. They put their trust in this
translation and acquired deep knowledge of it. The Greek Church held it as a
sacred book and had great esteem for it.
Again he said:
This translation continued to be recited in the Greek and Latin churches
and was referred to for authenticity. It was also greatly trusted by the Jews
and they recited it in their synagogues. Later, when the Christians started to
derive their arguments against the Jews from this translation, the Jews
commenced their criticism against it and said that it was not in accordance
with the Hebrew version and that many verses from this translation had been
removed at the beginning of the second century. They adopted Aquila’s
translation in its place. As this translation remained in vogue among the Jews
up to the end of the first century and was equally used by the Christians,
there were many copies of it. This translation too, was corrupted by the
copiers and scribes by the inclusion of marginal notes and explanatory
remarks in the main text. Ward, the great scholar of the Catholics, remarked
in his book printed in 1841 (page 18): ”The heretics of the East have
distorted it.”
The above statement of a great Protestant scholar is enough to confirm that
the Jews deliberately changed the Pentateuch and that they distorted it out of
their enmity towards the Christian faith, as is admitted by him in his statement.
This leaves no room for denial. The same is admitted by Catholic scholars. This
implies that both the Protestants and the Catholics have admitted the presence of
deliberate distortion’s in the Pentateuch. Now, in the light of the above
admission, we may be allowed to ask what there is to assure us that the Jews might have not changed the Hebrew version which was with them especially
when it was not known to the Christian world.
When the above translation, which continued to be in vogue up to the fourth
century and was recited in all the Eastern and Western churches, was so
daringly changed without fear of censure from other people or punishment from
God what was there to stop them from changing the Hebrew version when they
had nothing to fear? It makes no difference if this distortion was made by the
Jews out of their animosity to the Christian faith, which is the view of Adam
Clarke and Horne, in spite of all his partiality, and which is also acknowledged
by Augustine, or due to their enmity towards the Samaritans as was decided by
Kennicott, or because of their antagonism towards each other. Deliberate
manipulation also occurred at the hands of believing Christians simply out of
opposition to other Christians who, in their opinion, were not correct. They did
it only to spread the “truth”. They had religious permission to modify the sacred
texts for religious reasons.


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