IZHARUL-HAQ READING CONTINUED.
IZHARUL-HAQ READING CONTINUED.
3.PART OF THE BOOK OF DANIEL
4. THE BOOK OF TOBIAS: Tobias was a Jew who had been taken to Assyria in the period of exile. The book describes a dangerous journey made by him and his son. It also includes
the event of his marriage with a strange woman Sara. This book is has great literary merit.
5. THE BOOK OF JUDITH: This book is ascribed to a very brave Jewish named Judith. She saved and delivered her people from the oppression of the king of Assyria. It also includes the story of her love.
6. WISDOM OF SOLOMON: This book is ascribed to the prophet Solomon. It contains wise saying of the
Prophet and is similar in many ways to the Book of Proverbs.
7. ECCLESIASTICS: This is a collection of preachings and exhortations. It is attributed to Masiah,
a preacher in c. 200 BC. This book is also of great literary merit.
8. THE FIRST BOOK OF MACCABEES:
This book describes the rebellion of the tribe of the Maccabees.
9. THE SECOND BOOK OF MACCABEES</strong>: This book describes the history of a short period of time and contains some unbelievable or corrupt reports.
THE BOOKS OF THE NEW TESTAMENT.
THE FIRST DIVISION OF THE NEW TESTAMENT
There are twenty books in the first part of the New Testament. These twenty books are believed to be genuine and authentic by the Christian.
1. THE GOSPEL OF MATTHEW: Matthew was one of the Twelve Disciples of the prophet Jesus. This book is
considered to be the oldest of the Gospels. The book begins with the genealogy of the Prophet Jesus. And describes his life and teachings up until his ascension
to the heavens.
2. THE GOSPEL OF MARK:
Mark was a pupil of Peter, the Disciple of the Prophet Jesus. This gospel begins with the prophecies made by previous Prophets regarding the coming of
the Prophet Jesus. It describes the life of Jesus up until his ascension to heaven. It consists of 16 chapters.
3. THE GOSPEL OF LUKE: Luke was a Physician and was a companion of Paul and travelled with him on his journeys (Col. 4:14, Acts 16) He died in 70 AD. His gospel begins with the birth of the Prophet John “the Baptist (whose Qur’anic name is Yahya) and
covers the life of Jesus up until his ascension to heaven. It has 24 chapters.
4. THE GOSPEL OF JOHN: This book also begins with the birth of John the Baptist and describes the events from the birth of the Prophet John to the ascension of the Prophet Jesus. It consists of 21 chapters. It should be noted here that John the son of Zebedee, the disciple of Jesus is
certainly not the author of this book. Some of the Christians claim that the author of this book may be John the Elder, but this claim too is not supported by any historical evidence.
These four books are also called the four Evangels. Sometimes the word Evangel is also used for all the books of the New Testament. The word is of Greek origin and means good tidings and teaching.
5. THE ACTS OF THE APOSTLES: It is said that this script was written by Luke to Theopheus. It includes the acts and achievements of the disciples of the Prophet Jesus after his ascension. It particularly describes the journeys of Paul until his arrival in Rome in 22AD. It has 28 chapters.
6. EPISTLE OF PAUL TO THE ROMANS:
This is a letter written by Paul to some of his Roman followers. Paul was a
Jew and an enemy of the followers of Jesus in the beginning. Some time after the ascension of Jesus to heaven he suddenly appeared and claimed to have
received instructions from Jesus.
7. FIRST EPISTLE OF PAUL TO THE CORINTHIANS: This is Paul`s first letter to the Corinthians and it consist mostly of teaching and injunctions regarding unity among the Christian. At that time they were involved in various disputes. Chapter 7 includes some injunctions concerning
matrimonial relations. In chapter 8 the evils paganism and the Christian’s attitude towards a pagan society are discussed. The last few chapters include a discussion on atonement and the Hereafter. Chapter 16 describes the blessings of almsgiving and donation for Christianity.
8. SECOND EPISTLE OF PAUL OF THE CORINTHIANS: This letter was also written to the Corinthians by Paul and contains 16 chapters. These chapters include religious instructions, guidance, and suggestions regarding the discipline of the Church. From chapter 10 to the end
Paul speaks of his ministerial journeys.
9. EPISTLE OF PAUL TO THE GALATIANS:
Galatia was a province of Rome in the north of Asia Minor. This letter was
written to the churches of Galatia in early 57 AD. Paul had heard that the people of Galatia were being influenced by another religion. In this letter he tries to prevent them from conversion.
10. EPISTLE OF PAUL TO THE EPHESIANS: Ephesus was an important trading city of Asia Minor. There was a great house of worship there to the goddess Diana. Paul turned it into a great centre of Christianity in three years of great effort (Acts 10:19). In this letter he gives some moral instructions to the people.
11. EPISTLE OF PAUL TO THE PHILIPPIANS:
This letter of Paul is addressed to the people of Philippi, a city of Macedonia. This is the first city in Europe were Paul preached Christianity. He was arrested there. This letter includes his moral teachings and exhortations for unity among the Christians.
12.EPISTLE OF PAUL TO THE COLOSSIANS:
This letter of Paul is addressed to the people of Colossae, a city of Asia Minor. Paul is encouraging them to remain Christians and calls upon them to
abstain from evil deeds.
13. FIRST EPISTLE OF PAUL TO THE THESSALONIANS: This letter of Paul was written to the people of Thessalonica, a city of the province of Macedonia which is a part of Greece today. He discusses, in this letter, the principles which bring about God`s pleasure. It also speaks of other subjects. It has 5 chapters.
14. SECOND EPISTLE OF PAUL TO THE THESSALONIANS. This letter, containing only 3 chapters, offers, Paul`s encouragement to the
Thessalonians on their good deeds and some instructions regarding their general
15. FIRST EPISTLE OF PAUL TO THE TIMOTHY: Timothy was a pupil and disciple of Paul. (Acts 14: 17, 16 : 1-3) Paul had great trust and admiration for him (Cor. 16: 10 and Phil. 2:19). The letter contains descriptions regarding rituals and ethics.
16. SECOND EPISTLE OF PAUL TO TIMOTHY: This second letter to Timothy speaks of certain people who had converted to
other religions and also includes instructions to Timothy about preaching and also some predictions for the last ages. It has 4 chapters.
17.EPISTLE OF PAUL TO TITUS: Titus was also a companion of Paul on some of his journeys (Cal. 2: 1). Paul had great love for him (Cor. 2: 13). Paul left him in Crete so that he could preach there. This letter had 3 chapters and gives preaching instructions and details of the prerequisites of bishops.
18. EPISTLE OF PAUL TO PHILEMON: Philemon was also a companion of Paul and had travelled with him. The letter was written by Paul when he sent Onesimus to Philemon (Phil. 1: 10)
19. FIRST EPISTLE OF PETER: Peter was one of the closest apostles of Jesus. The study of the New Testament shows that Paul had some differences with him in later years. The letter was addressed to the Christians who were scattered throughout the northern part of Asia Minor i.e. the people of Poutus, Galatia, Cappadocia and Bithynia. The main purpose of the letter was to encourage the readers who were facing persecution and suffering for their faith.
20. FIRST LETTER OF JOHN
THE SECOND DIVISION OF THE NEW TESTAMENT
In this division of the New Testament there are seven books. The genuineness and divinity of these books is doubted and debated by the Christians. Some lines from the first letter of John are also not believed to be
21. THE EPISTLE OF PAUL TO THE HEBREWS: The Jews are also called the Hebrews. The word has an association with `Aber` a title given to the Prophet Jacob. Hebrews is also used for Christians. The letter was addressed to a group of Christians who were on the way to abandoning the Christian faith. The writer encourages them in their faith.
22. THE SECOND EPISTLE OF PETER: This letter from Peter is addressed to the early Christians. Its main concern is to combat the work of false teachers and false prophets. It also speaks of the
final return of the Messiah.
23. THE SECOND EPISTLE OF JOHN: The second letter of John was written by John to the “dear Lady and her
children”. According to the Christians the “lady probably stands for the local church.
24. THE THIRD EPISTLE OF JOHN: This letter was addressed to Gaius, one of the pupils of John and a church leader. The writer praises the reader for his help to other Christians, and warns
against a man called Diotrephes.
25. THE GENERAL EPISTLE OF JAMES:
This James is not the apostle James, the son of Zebedee and brother of John The writer is James, the son of Joseph the carpenter. He is frequently mentioned
in the Book of Acts. The letter is a collection of practical instructions and emphasizes the importance of actions guided by faith.
26. THE GENERAL EPISTLE OF JUDE: Jude is a brother of the James who was one of the 12 apostles. He is mentioned in John 14:22. The letter was written to warn against false teachers who claimed to be believers. Jude is not the Judas who is said to have betrayed
27. THE REVELATION
The revelation of John is a collection of visions and revelations written in symbolic language. Its main concern is to give its readers hope and
encouragement in their suffering for faith.
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